Constructed on the bridge was about a score of market stalls: an easy location for small watercraft to reach with their loads of produce and also close to the docks where foreign sea-going vessels unloaded goods for transhipment. [26] In 1582 the Portuguese assisted Johor to thwart an attack by Aceh, but arrangement ended when Johor attacked the Portuguese in 1587. Later, Parameśwara was escorted by Zheng He and other envoys in his successful visits. During the occupation, many of the city's residents were taken and forced to construct the Death Railway in Burma (present-day Myanmar). CITIZEN. There are currently two Keretapi Tanah Melayu railway stations in Malacca, which are the Pulau Sebang/Tampin Station in Pulau Sebang, Alor Gajah and Batang Malacca Station in Batang Malacca, Jasin. [83] Mahkota Medical Centre, located on Syed Abdul Aziz Road, is the second largest with 266 beds. The exclave of Cape Rachado also borders Negeri Sembilan to the north. [46][47], The Malacca International Trade Centre in Ayer Keroh which was opened in June 2003 is the leading commercial centre and the centre for meetings, incentives, convention and exhibitions which plays an important role in the development of trade in Malacca. [14] Like other traders, the Chinese established their own area in the city, occupying the southeast side of the port around a hill called Bukit Cina, where they constructed temples and a well called Hang Li Poh's Well, named after Hang Li Po, the fifth wife of the sixth Sultan of Malacca, Mansur Shah, who was a Chinese princess from the Ming Dynasty.[14][17]. [88] Among the facilities provided by TAPEM are Higher Education Loan, Minor Scholarship/Incentive Scholarship for Secondary School, and School Assistance to Primary School Students. I printed out the information I wanted from the Melaka Street Map website. #melaka state legislative assembly [152][153], A 1.6-km line of Malacca Monorail was launched in October 2010, served the route along the Malacca River. The company is also responsible for the maintenance and delivery infrastructure of clean water in the state. Malacca is situated roughly two-thirds of the way down the west coast, 148 km (92 mi) south of Kuala Lumpur and commands a central position on the Straits of Malacca. Other attacks were carried out in 1570, 1613, and 1623, when Johor tried to break away from Aceh. Malacca has also hot springs, namely Gadek Hot Spring and Jasin Hot Spring. In 1975, the Malacca Public Library Corporation was enacted to establish the Malacca Public Library. [28] The rulers of Malacca, such as Parameswara in 1411, would pay tribute to the Chinese emperor in person. The climate of Malacca is hot and humid throughout the year with rainfall occurring mostly between October and March. [46] Malays comprised the majority with 273,844, followed by Chinese with 158,828, Indian with 20,310 and others totalling 9,732. They adopted the local culture and the Malay language as part of their lives while at the same time preserving some of their Chinese heritage and religious traditions. Visit top-rated & … [50] When the European conquest begin, Malacca had developed into a cosmopolitan city with a long-standing European heritage. The Malaccans reported that Vietnam was in control of Champa and also sought to conquer Malacca, but the Malaccans did not fight back, because they did not want to fight against another state that was a tributary to China without permission from the Chinese. Search. Information Concerning Melaka Location On Map. We have reviews of the best places to see in Melaka State. [34] They conquered the city on 24 August 1511. [102] Another cinema, known as the MBO Cinemas, with a capacity of 1,212 is located in the MBO Melaka Mall. Melaka State Map Melaka Town Map pm5 - megamenu ekonomi c1r1. Melaka is a Malaysian state. Malacca houses three power stations, namely the 330 MW Tanjung Kling Power Station in Tanjung Kling and 440 MW Telok Gong Power Station 1 and 720 MW Telok Gong Power Station 2 in Telok Gong, with a total installed generation capacity of 1,490 MW. See the map and more useful information of Melaka. [69] An international shipping port is also planned to be built as part of China's Maritime Silk Route economic belt. From 1824 to 1942, Malacca was under the rule of the British, first by the British East India Company and then as a crown colony. Malacca has three international schools, the Melaka International School, which cater for the local communities; MES and KYS International School, staffed by expatriate teachers, which specialise in teaching Cambridge International A Levels and cater for the expatriate communities. Visitors: | Statistic Update : 14 January 2021. [25], After Aceh was left weakened, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) arrived, and Johor formed a treaty with them to flush out the Portuguese in the second capture of Malacca. [9], From 1796 until 1801, and 1807 to 1818 Malacca was temporarily placed under a British Resident as the Netherlands were conquered by France in the Napoleonic Wars. The Malacca River divided the city into two almost equal halves, the southern half being the inner citadel and the ruler's compound and the northern half, reached by a bridge some distance from the river mouth, containing the residents of many foreign merchants. Malacca. [32][33], In April 1511, Alfonso de Albuquerque set sail from Goa to Malacca with a force of some 1200 men and seventeen or eighteen ships. Malayan Union 1946–1948 There is also an old trunk road system, which once served as a main passageway to the city until the mid 1980s, when the North–South Expressway was built. The Catholic church of St. Francis Xavier dates back to 1856, The main language spoken in the city is the Malay, although the Baba Nyonya and Chitty have their own variations of Baba and Chitties creoles respectively. There are two additional exits along the North–South Expressway, namely the Simpang Ampat and Jasin exits. [92][93] In 2014, Malacca received over 500,000 tourists for medical tourism-related purpose.[94]. Aceh continued its attacks against the Portuguese, and was later destroyed when a large additional armada from the Portuguese port in Goa came to defend Malacca and destroy the sultanate. Although it was the location of one of the earliest Malay sultanates, the local monarchy was abolished when the Portuguese conquered it in 1511. The building was constructed without using any nails. Despite been a small state spanning 1,644 km2, Malacca has been a destination of choice for travellers from China, Singapore, Indonesia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. [105], Tourism is a booming industry in Malacca. [36] On 14 January 1641, the Dutch defeated the Portuguese in an effort to capture Malacca, with the help of the Sultan of Johor. [151] On October 10, 2015, Keretapi Tanah Melayu Berhad (KTMB) commuter service has introduced a new route, shuttle service between Seremban-Sebang/Tampin-Gemas station. This historical city centre has been listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 7 July 2008.[19]. Malacca's relationships with Ming China granted it protection from attacks by Siam and Majapahit. Part-time study is available at Open University Malaysia (OUM), while those who wish to obtain an academic diploma can enroll at University of Malaya Centre for Continuing Education (UMCCE) at Sinar College. Elections are held no more than five years apart, along with elections to the federal parliament and other state assemblies (except Sarawak). Their Malaccan rule was severely hampered by administrative and economic difficulties. [92], The Malacca Sultanate Palace was built to represent the Malay culture and Malaccan history during the sultanate era. Malacca officially submitted to Ming China as a protectorate. Kesang River acts as the eastern border of Malacca with Johor. [157], Daily ferries run from Malacca to the Indonesian cities of Bengkalis, Dumai and Pekanbaru departing from Harbour Master's Jetty. Besides, small number of Malayalees who speak Malayalam and Telugus who speak Telugu exist among the Indians in Malacca. [101], Daily water consumption for Malacca is 500 million litres and each resident consumes 220 litres per day, higher than the national average of 180 litres per day. ", "Exco Melaka, wartawan teruja jumpa sendiri Rajinikanth", "Ayda Jebat Tampil Dengan Telefon Edisi Istimewa", "Belajar Bahasa Isyarat, Ayda Jebat Menangis", "Purbawara Panglima Awang - BookSG - National Library Board, Singapore", "Melaka's appeal lies in its colourful past", "Sungai Melaka ibarat Venice of The East", "Sg Melaka — money spinner for heritage city", "Masjid Selat Melaka (Malacca Straits Mosque)", "Datuk Seri Utama Ir. The Jesuit missionary Francis Xavier spent several months in Malacca in 1545, 1546, and 1549. Malacca has several beaches edged with palm trees which has brought a number of resorts along the coast. [84], Various government or state schools are available in the city. The State of Melaka, one of the fourteen states within Malaysia, is situated on the South-Western Coast of Peninsular Malaysia facing the Straits of Melaka and sandwiched between the states of Negeri Sembilan and Johor. [38] Due to large-scale land reclamation, it has grown in size, especially in the south. [58] The Melaka Gateway is a project under construction involving the development of one natural and two man-made islands off the coast of Malacca which will feature an international cruise terminal and aid water transport in the city. [52] In addition to its strategic location in the maritime Silk Road, the city benefited from the rise of China and India as world economic powers. The offshore Besar Island, Upeh Island and Undan Island are part of Malacca which are accessible by jetty from Malacca mainland. This will take you to the boarding area which has a huge car park, the ticket counter and then the boarding pier. [68], The main water transportation in the city is the Malacca River Cruise with evening cruises along the Malacca River. Best Dining in Melaka, Central Melaka District: See 33,230 Tripadvisor traveler reviews of 928 Melaka restaurants and search by cuisine, price, location, and more. Services sector remained the main contributor to the state’s economy at 44.8% of GDP. Departing . The centralised port of exchange of Asian wealth had now gone, as was a Malay state to police the Straits of Malacca that made it safe for commercial traffic. For other uses, see, Melaka Mall which houses Hang Tuah Jaya Municipal Council, Colonies of the Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1962). Known as ProjectARM, these artworks are designed to highlight the beauty of Malacca. [32], When the Allies began to counter-attack against the Japanese, the Japanese officially surrendered to the Allies in August 1945 with the city left undamaged as there were no heavy battles, and it was administered as part of the British Military Administration until the formation of the Malayan Union and then the Federation of Malaya. [105] Malacca first started twinning in 1984 with the city of Lisbon, Portugal and it is now twinned with or established as a friendship city with the following cities:[106][107], Media related to Melaka at Wikimedia Commons Adults (18+) Children (0-17) Advanced options. Despite been a small state spanning 1,644 km 2, Malacca has been a destination of choice for travellers from China, Singapore, Indonesia, Taiwan and Hong Kong. While outside Malacca City, industrial areas include Alor Gajah and Sungai Udang. The practice combines elements of music (violins, gongs and tambourines or the tambour), songs and chants, and features melodious strains of poetry. [97][100] St. Paul's Hill is where the Governor's Museum, Malacca Literature Museum and Malacca Light are located. [16] With the rise of Melaka as an empire, both the Majapahit and Siamese kingdoms were unable to conquer it, especially with the Chinese protection. With a highly strategic state position for international trade routes, Malacca was once a well-known international trade centre in the East. The Chief Minister's Department is responsible for the overall administration of the state, as well as its political interest. By 1997, the state has registered a total investment of over MYR16 billion. In the Dutch era the building was white, the red paint is of later date. As of 2015[update], the Malacca State Government has an outstanding MYR861.7 million of loan to the federal government. The River Cruise tickets are RM 30 per adult for foreigners and RM 25 for locals. [96][97], By 2020, the government-run 7,248ha Melaka World Solar Valley aims to power most of the daily activities of manufacturers, housing developers, farmers, and other stakeholders. [52] The ethnic composition of Malacca as of 2015 is 66.8% Malays (552,700), 1.4% other Bumiputras (11,500), 26.0% Chinese (215,000), 6.2% Indians and Chitty (51,400) and 0.6% others (4,800). [90] Another public library branch is in the Malacca Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), while other libraries or private libraries were available in other universities as well as in schools and colleges. As the center of the all important spice trade, Malacca attracted many colonial powers to engage wars to control it. [161] The Malacca Sentral bus station, combined with taxi terminal, serves cities around Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore. Best view using Internet Explorer 9 or higher, Mozilla Firefox 3.5 or higher,Safari and Google Chrome with resolution 1366 x 768 pixels or higher. Following the establishment of the Malacca Sultanate, the city drew the attention of traders from the Middle East, South Asia, and East Asia, as well as the Portuguese, who intended to dominate the trade route in Asia. Malacca Map Map of Malacca in Malaysia. 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